1. Barrier methods: Barrier methods, such as condoms and diaphragms, physically block sperm from entering the uterus. These methods are generally effective at preventing pregnancy, but they do not offer protection against STIs. It is important to use a condom every time you have sex to reduce the risk of STIs.
2. Hormonal methods: Hormonal methods, such as the pill, patch, and ring, contain synthetic hormones that prevent ovulation and thickens the cervical mucus, making it difficult for sperm to reach the egg. These methods are generally effective at preventing pregnancy, but they can have side effects, such as changes in mood, weight, and sexual desire.
3. Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC): LARC methods, such as the IUD and implant, provide long-term contraception without the need for daily or regular attention. These methods are highly effective at preventing pregnancy, but they may not offer protection against STIs.
4. Sterilization: Sterilization is a permanent form of contraception that involves surgical procedures to block the fallopian tubes or remove the testicles. Sterilization is very effective at preventing pregnancy, but it is not reversible and requires a surgical procedure.
It is important to consider a variety of factors when choosing a birth control method, including effectiveness, side effects, and potential risks. It is also important to consider whether you want protection against STIs, as not all methods offer this. It is a good idea to discuss your options with a healthcare provider to determine the best method for you.