In the case of PCOS, the ovaries produce abnormally high levels of androgens, the male sex hormones that are typically present in women in trace amounts. The many tiny cysts (fluid-filled sacs) that develop in the ovaries are known as polycystic ovary syndrome. While some women without the disorder do develop cysts, some women with this disorder do not.
A woman may occasionally produce insufficient amounts of the hormones required for ovulation. The ovaries may grow a large number of tiny cysts when ovulation is absent. Androgens are hormones that these cysts produce. Androgen levels are frequently high in women with PCOS. This can cause more problems with a woman’s menstrual cycle. And many of the symptoms of PCOS can be brought on by it.
If your mother or sister have PCOS, you might be more likely to as well. If you are obese or have insulin resistance, you may also be more likely to have it. But how do you find out if you have it? While going to a doctor is the only way to confirm, there are a few signs to look out for:
The symptoms of PCOS may include:
- Missed periods, irregular cycles, or exceptionally light cycles
- Large ovaries or ovaries with many cysts
- Excessive body hair, especially on the back, stomach, and chest
- Gaining weight, especially around the stomach (abdomen)
- Oily skin or acne
- Baldness with a male pattern or thinning hair
- Small bits of extra skin on the neck or under the arms (skin tags)
- Patches of thick or dark skin under the breasts, in the armpits, and on the back of the neck
Your doctor will inquire about your medical history as well as your current symptoms. You'll also get a physical examination. A pelvic exam will probably be a part of this. This examination evaluates the condition of your reproductive organs both internally and externally.
Do you have any of these symptoms? If yes, then visit your doctor today!